February 4 2020: These are the archeologically significant sites that the Government of India plans to develop with on-site museums, with a generous provision in the Union Budgedt 2020. See our background story here
Rakhigarhi, Haryana is one of the five biggest townships of Harappan civilization in the Indian sub-continent. The site features five inter-connected mounds believed to be densely populated. An excavation done by Archaeological Survey of India has revealed intricate mud-brick and burnt-brick houses with a detailed drainage system as well as artefacts like vase, jar, dishes, bowls and beakers .
Hastinapur, Uttar Pradesh
Hastinapur in Uttar Pradesh is believed to be ancient capital of the Pandavas and Kauravas. It is dotted with sites related to Mahabharata, like Karna Temple, Pandaveshwar Temple and Draupadi Ghat. Hastinapur is also important for followers of Jainism as the birthplace of three thirthankaras. .It is also famous for being the birthplace of Panch Pyare Bhai Dharam Singh, one of the five disciples of Guru Gobind Singh.
Sivasagar in Assam is well-known for being the capital of the Ahom kingdom from 1699 to 1788. An important remnant is the Rang Ghar, an amphitheater used for enjoying sports. In the excavations done at nearby Karenghar (Talatalghar), vases, vessels, remains of pathways, terracotta drain pipes and walls were found.
Dholavira, Gujarat was the fifth biggest seat of Harappan civilization. It also housed one of the world’s oldest rainwater harvesting systems. Terracotta items, seals, copper ornaments, urns and 10 large stone inscriptions written in Indus Valley script were found in excavations here.
Adichanallur, Tamil Nadu, is an urn-burial site was discovered between 1876 and 1905. This is one of the most extensive prehistoric sites discovered in southern India. Excavated items include urn with Tamil Brahmi script inscription, iron weapons and implements, gold and bronze ornaments, kitchen-related mortar and pestle-like implements.