16 years on, iPhone evolution continues to offer incremental innovation

14th September 2023
16 years on, iPhone evolution continues to offer incremental innovation
iPhone 15 (left) and iPhone 15 Pro

 By Anand Parthasarathy
September 14, 2023: On January 9 2007, Apple co-founder and CEO, the late Steve Jobs came on stage at the MacWorld convention and  previewed the company’s first smartphone that was to go on sale six months later.
 It was a revolutionary product:   the first phone without a keyboard and with a touch screen; the first with a built-in MP3 music player and a full- function web browser.
The device when it became available turned out to have a 3.5 inch screen and  a 2 megapixel camera. The 4 GB and 8 GB versions were priced at $ 499 and $ 599 – making it by far the priciest mobile phone then on offer.
The price hardly seemed to matter to customers in the US who embraced that first iPhone like no other personal technology tool.
A year later, Apple launched the iPhone 3G, cannily harnessing the faster  3G networks that were coming up – and adding a GPS sensor which provided location services. The price was slashed to $ 199 and $ 299 for the 8 GB and 16 GB variants.  The combo of reduced prices and new features ensured that Apple now had an iron grip on the smartphone market – in American and select European markets where it chose to sell. In the first nine years, the iPhone crossed 1 billion in sales.
The  mobile phone  market meanwhile had expanded: Google introduced the Android operating system  in 2008 and offered free licenses to manufacturers, soon capturing the major share of phones in price sensitive markets like India.
Manufacture in India
Apple hardly marketed the iPhone here for over a decade  and  Indian buyers had to deal with  higher asking prices and long delays  in availability after the  US  launch.  It continues to be a premium product  even after Apple   set up  retail outlets  and in recent years,  began assembling iPhones in India-based contract manufacturing plants owned by  Foxconn, Pegatron and Wistron (  soon a Tata company). Indeed the new iPhone 15 that the company unveiled at  its Cupertino ( California, US) headquarters on September 12 is known to be made right now,  at  Foxconn’s Sriperumbudur plant near Chennai, among a dozen other global locations and will be available to Indian buyers  simultaneously with customers abroad.
The iPhone 15 will sell for Rs 79,900, while the iPhone 15 Pro will retail for Rs 1,34,900 --  so the phones remain  among the costliest   handsets in the market  and its India sales as a percentage of all mobile phones  will likely remain  in single digits.
But these numbers alone don’t tell the full story of  iPhones – which  have year after year, offered  carefully crafted innovations that  have  later trickled to other sectors like Android phones.
After it disrupted the hand phone business in 2007 with the first touchscreen device, and adopted the 3G standard a year later, Apple introduced video chat in the 2010 iPhone 4 as well as  what then was “high resolution” in displays:  640 x 960 pixels on a 3.5 inch screen.
A sick Steve Jobs was replaced by new Apple CEO Tim Cook  who unveiled the iPhone 4S in 2011 –with a powerful dual core processor, hitherto used only in  the iPad as well as jumbo storage of 64 GB  in a version that was priced at $ 399.
By 2014, screen size had grown to  4.7 inch and 5.5 inch in the two variants of iPhone 6 which offered another innovation NFC or Near Field Communication to enable payments from phones using Apple Pay
In 2016, Apple  controversially removed the  audio jack  with  iPhone 7 which forced many users with legacy headphones to invest in an adapter. It  was an “innovation” that the Android world  chose to ignore.
A decade of the iPhone
To celebrate a decade of iPhones,  Apple named the 2017 model iPhone X  and added new features – dual cameras and wireless charging.
The iPhone 11 in 2019 offered  4K video, wide angle  and  slow motion shooting.  The iPhone 12  in 2020 for the first time offered a mini version  with a 5.4 inch screen for $ 699  in addition to the larger model.
The trend continued in 2020 and 2021, with mini options of iPhone 12 and 13 and  with incremental changes to the cameras like Dolby vision.
The 2022 models of iPhone 14  had the same prices  and sizes as iPhone 13 and a 48 MP camera in the pro version
New this year in the iPhone 15 pro is the use of aerospace-grade titanium which makes the phone much lighter. Also new is  the 120 mm 10x optical zoom for the main 48 MP camera in all the variants. 
The biggest change is that Apple has finally adopted the universal Type C charging port and abandoned its proprietary Lighting charging cable – a decision  forced on Apple by much of the world, led by the European Union  mandating  a single USB standard for  the  mobile phone industry.
Buying an iPhone 15 has become easy for Indians who are able to book a device at the iPhone India site.
There will be many who aspire for this premium product that continues to preserve its elite space by always giving its customers something new, useful and  hype-worthy.
More illustrations for this article here.
This article has appeared in Swarajya