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Cloud data centres can reduce carbon footprint by 80%: AWS study

New Delhi, August 6, 2021: Indian companies and public sector organizations that migrated computing workloads from on-premises data centres to cloud infrastructure could expect to reduce their energy use – and associated carbon footprint – by nearly 80%.This is a key finding of a study for  Amazon Web Services:  “Carbon Reduction Opportunity of Moving to the Cloud for APAC”,  by 451 Research, a unit of S&P Global Market Intelligence.
The survey covered  more than 500 private and public sector organizations across Asia Pacific (APAC), spanning a variety of industries across Australia, India, Japan, Singapore, and South Korea. The report, includes over 100 survey respondents in India, and also found that cloud service providers that tap into the local renewable energy market to run their operations in India can further boost carbon emissions savings.
451 Research estimates that if just 25% of the 1,200 largest publicly-traded businesses in India[1] put one megawatt (MW) of compute workload into the cloud, powered by renewable energy, it would save the equivalent of a year's worth of emissions from 160,000 Indian households.
 “Customers in APAC who move compute workloads to the AWS Cloud can significantly reduce their carbon footprint, benefiting from the net effect of all our sustainability efforts,” said Ken Haig, Head of Energy Policy, Asia Pacific and Japan, AWS. “Our scale and focus on innovation allow us to improve efficiency of our data centre operations faster than traditional enterprises. Apart from maximizing efficiency of our operations to reduce the amount of energy needed to power our data centres, we’re also working towards procuring 100% renewable energy for our worldwide energy needs by 2030 and are on a path to reach that milestone early by 2025. APAC energy markets remain among the most challenging in the world for businesses seeking to source 100% renewable energy, but we continue to collaborate with private and public organizations to overcome these barriers and invest in more projects in the region. At AWS, we are also working closely with customers to help them meet their own sustainability goals using cloud technology and driving innovation in low carbon solutions.”
 “Cloud technology can credibly help companies in India decarbonize,” said Puneet Chandok, President Commercial Business – AWS India and South Asia, AISPL. “With India’s vibrant startup ecosystem already pioneering low carbon solutions, it is imperative that enterprises, public sector organizations, and policy makers factor in sustainability as a critical part of their cloud migration decisions. AWS’s commitment to fulfilling our net carbon neutrality goals in India includes initiatives in infrastructure efficiency, renewable energy, water sustainability, electric mobility, sustainable packaging, and building awareness through community engagement. I invite companies and organizations in India to join us in The Climate Pledge, committing to regular reporting, carbon elimination and credible offsets, on a journey to becoming net-zero carbon by 2040.”
 “As data centre activity continues to surge in India, so will energy consumption, which will make energy efficiency a focal point in the market,” said Kelly Morgan, Research Director, Datacentre Infrastructure & Services at 451 Research of S&P Global Market Intelligence. “In our study, the server-level efficiencies of Indian organizations exceeded their peers in other surveyed APAC countries as a result of higher rates of virtualisation and a more aggressive stance towards workload consolidation. Indian organizations drive their systems somewhat harder, and their server infrastructure is among the youngest on average in APAC. However, much of this is offset by inefficiencies at the facility level. Cloud providers like AWS are driven to make all parts of their infrastructure work in sync to increase efficiency, from design to operations, to lower costs and provide IT services at scale. Furthermore, the lack of accessible and affordable corporate renewable energy options leaves a significant amount of carbon reduction potential on the table.”
AWS is committed to running its business in an environmentally friendly way, and its scale and infrastructure make it possible to achieve higher resource utilization and energy efficiency than the typical on-premises data centre. AWS server systems are designed for power optimization and use the latest component technology. For example, custom-built AWS Graviton2 processors - offered to AWS customers - provide better performance per watt than any other Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) processor. AWS is also innovating the design of cooling systems to reduce water use and utilizes real-time sensor data to adapt to changing weather conditions. Cooling is especially important across APAC, where more hot and humid climates result in greater energy expended on cooling.