LTE in India is faster than WiFi and equally fast in Tier 2 towns

 Independent survey shows mobile LTE networks in city are faster than  in Tier 1 metros
Bangalore, November 23 2016: 4G/LTE has networks in India  have grown five-fold and  account for some 23 % of all India traffic. But the zippier speeds associated with LTE are not uniformly available. 
A study just carried out by  Twin Prime, an Indian talent -driven  leader in mobile app acceleration, based in Redwood California,  shows that  contrary to  assumptions, the  performance of mobile networks   in the Tier II cities is in no way inferior to  that in the 4 metros, Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai.   And cellular LTE is consistently faster than WiFi in India.
In fact  detailed  tracking of networks in India showed that the fastest LTE speeds  in India were to be  had in Pune, averaging 1.2-1.5 MBPS while nearby  Mumbai  is the slowest among TopTen Indian cities with speeds barely touching 0.8 MBPS. ( see chart).
The study entitled "The State of Mobile Performance Report 2016 H1" also went into  individual service providers and found that Airtel  is the fastest carrier network. It would take on average 222ms to download a 40KB image on LTE over Airtel.  Reliance  Jio, which launched in 2016, is slightly slower than Airtel, but tops  the charts in consistency, which suggests that it provides a more uniform experience for its users. Jio also ranks first in  breath of coverage metric, which is expected given that it is a 4G/LTE only network. 
Looking at network quality as measured by network response times, Airtel is the best in LTE and HSPA (which is  slightly slower than LTE)  . Reliance is second in LTE with 17ms, BSNL is third with 21ms slower response times. All measurements are for 75% of users.
Jio is the most consistent in performance. This means that faster Jio users experience about 60% better performance than average Jio users. Jio tops  in LTE coverage rankings with Idea and Airtel in 2nd and 3rd respectively
In general Indian users are  well served: In LTE, Airtel, Reliance and Jio are on top , indicating networks of both high quality and high performance. For HSPA Airtel, Vodafone and Tata Docomo and for 3G Airtel and Tata Docomo. These are the carriers that combine high quality and speed at the same time.
Interestingly,  Android devices work 35% faster on LTE and WiFi in India compared go iOS devices.

 Tech brief:
4G is the fourth generation of wireless mobile telecommunications technology, succeeding 3G. 
HSPA or High Speed Packet Access improves the  performance  of existing 3G networks
LTE stands for “Long Term Evolution”  and is used to  denote the  technology used to attain 4G speeds, theoretically  up to 100 MBPS, though in practice  less than half of this.
Originally LTE was  just for carrying data, and operators  had to carry voice  by reverting to 2G / 3G systems.  This was inefficient. 
So along came  VoLTE or Voice over LTE, where voice rode piggy back on the data network of LTE.  Pretty soon all 4 G  networks will be VoLTE networks.